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1. “Effectiveness of a wheelchair skills training programme for community-living users of manual wheelchairs in Turkey: a randomized controlled trial” başlıklı araştırma “Clinical Rehabilitation, Volume 25 Issue 5 May 2011 pp. 416 - 424” dergisinde yayınlanmıştır. Bu makalede elle tekerlekli sandalye kullanıcılara yönelik verilen “tekerlekli sandalye kullanma becerisine yönelik eğitim programı” nın sonuçları sunulmuştur.

Bu makale sonucunun topluma yararı: Uzun süre tekerlekli sandalye kullanan kişilerin el ve kollarında ileri dönemlerde kümülatif taravmaya bağlı rahatsızlıklar oluşmakta ve bu durum kişinin üst ekstremitesini kullanmada zorluk oluşturmaktadır. Yapılan araştırma elle tekerlekli sandalye kullanan kişilerin tekerlekli sandalye kullanma becerisine yönelik egzersiz programı yapmalarının hem tekerlekli sandalye kullanım becerisini arttırabileceğini hem de tekerlekli sandalyenin daha güvenli kullanımı sağlanarak ileri dönemde olabilecek sakatlık ve hastalıkların önlenebileceğini göstermiştir.

Araştırma sonuçlarında bu fonksiyonel eğitimlerin toplum temelli yaklaşımla kişilerin yaşadıkları yerde verilmesinin ulaşım sorununu ortadan kaldırabileceği ve eğitim maaliyetini düşürebileceği belirtilmiştir.

Makalenin özeti aşağıda yer almaktadır:

Effectiveness of a wheelchair skills training programme for community-living users of manual wheelchairs in Turkey: a randomized controlled trial

Asuman Öztürk School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey

Ferda Dokuztug Ucsular (Corresponding Author) ferdasim@yahoo.com Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Health Science, Yeni Yüzyıl University, Istanbul, Turkey

Clinical Rehabilitation, Volume 25 Issue 5 May 2011 pp. 416 - 424

Abstract

Objective:
To test the hypothesis that, in comparison with those in a control group, community-dwelling wheelchair users in Turkey who have completed the Wheelchair Skills Training Program have better total percentage performance and safety scores on the Wheelchair Skills Test.
Design: Randomized controlled trial.

Subjects: The study group comprised individuals (n = 24) who have to use a wheelchair for mobility in daily life. The subjects were randomly allocated to training (n = 14) and control groups (n = 10).

Interventions: The training group attended a skill training session three times a week for four weeks. The control group did not participate in the training.

Main outcome measures: At the beginning of the study, subjects underwent a Wheelchair Skills Test (version 4.1), which evaluated their performance and safety for a range of skills. The test was repeated at the end of the study.

Results: The mean ± SD total percentage Wheelchair Skills Test performance scores increased significantly in both the training group (P = 0.002) and control group (P = 0.01), although the training group increased to a greater extent (P = 0.034). The training group’s mean ± SD total percentage Wheelchair Skills Test safety scores increased significantly (P = 0.001), but there was no significant change in the control group. A statistically significant improvement was found between the total percentage Wheelchair Skills Test safety scores in the training group compared with the control group (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: Community-living wheelchair users who received wheelchair skills training increased their total performance and safety scores to a greater extent than a control group.

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